澳洲莫纳什论文代写:全球竞争力
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澳洲莫纳什论文代写:全球竞争力

2017-12-03 10:29

全球竞争力发生在国际经济与战略管理之间的十字路口。瓦西利·莱昂蒂夫(1998)是国际贸易理论领域中加入经验主义元素的学者之一,他的著名悖论是赫克舍-欧林(1919)理论。后来,管理学者(Buckley & Casson,1998,Tsang 1999)在他们的研究中采用了全球竞争的概念。Hamel和Prahalad(1994)后来加强了核心竞争力的概念,行业水平分析和未来的竞争。在这些学者进行了大量研究之后,大多数人都认为,在一个国家的总体竞争力中,全球竞争力并不等同于在个人企业层面上的全球竞争力。科登(1994)指出,国家竞争力有三个主要领域:部门或行业竞争力、成本竞争力和生产力。波特的许多(1990)观点都被早期学者分享。弗农(1966)将国家竞争力归功于一个国家的技术和能力,这与波特的先进因素相似。在Hymer ' s(1976)的观点中,认为公司具有特殊的竞争优势,使他们能够克服异化的责任,这与波特的公司特定优势的概念相似,从而导致了全球竞争力。洞穴(1982)讨论了跨国公司将知识在一个国家传播到另一个国家的做法,因为全球竞争是利用生产要素的正确组合来获得可能的成功。根据Papanastassou & Pearce(1999)的说法,波特的钻石是国际商业研究中为数不多的模型之一,它说明了一个特定行业内的国家竞争力。因此,波特试图分析为什么一些国家成功,而另一些国家在国际竞争中失败。他试图利用国家竞争优势的四个决定因素来解决这个问题。
澳洲莫纳什论文代写:全球竞争力
Global competitiveness occur at the cross roads between international economics and strategic management. Wassily Leontief (1998) was one of the scholars to add an empirical element to the theoretical realm of international trade with his popular paradox of the Heckscher-Ohlin (1919) theory. Later, management scholars (Buckley & Casson, 1998, Tsang 1999) adopted the concept of competing globally in their research. Hamel and Prahalad (1994) later reinforced the concepts of core competencies, industry level analysis and competing for the future. After much research by these scholars, most would agree that global competitiveness in the aggregate for a nation is not equivalent to global competitiveness at the individual firm level. Corden (1994) states that there are three major areas of national competitiveness: sectoral or industry competitiveness, cost competitiveness and productivity. Many of Porter's (1990) ideas were shared by earlier scholars. Vernon (1966) attributed national competitiveness to a nation's technology and capabilities, which are similar to Porter's advanced factors. With Hymer's (1976) idea that firms have specific competitive advantages that allow them to overcome the liability of foreignness is similar to Porter's concept of firm-specific advantages that lead to global competitiveness. Caves (1982) discussed the practice of firms transferring knowledge gained in one country to another because of global competition is by utilizing the right mix of factors of production would lead to probable success. According to Papanastassou & Pearce (1999), Porter's diamond is one of the few models in international business research that illustrates what comprises national competitiveness within a given industry. Thus Porter tried to analyse why some nations succeed and others fail in international competition. He tries to solve this problem using the four determinants of national competitive advantage.