新西兰代写assignment:行为学家
ASSIGNMENT代写

新西兰代写assignment:行为学家

2017-10-25 12:49

行为学家称这种形式的学习“空调”,即一致的强化行为模式成为习惯。经典条件反射是自然或自然发生的对某一特定刺激的一种反应行为的强化。相比之下,“操作性条件反射”称赞它涉及加强行为,或劝阻不良行为与处罚。这种空调处理奖励的阶段被称为“加固”。然而,这种“刺激-反应关系的折扣可能参与学习的心理过程。研究人员,包括维果茨基1962等,开始批评行为主义的方法,因为它被认为过于以教师为中心和导向,有意义学习过程无效,老师太专注于个人而不是协作组工作。另外,建构主义的观点提出质疑的精神处理与知识之间隐含的分离,必须通过教师的作用桥联。
新西兰代写assignment:行为学家
Behaviourists term this form of learning 'conditioning', whereby with consistent reinforcement the behaviour pattern becomes conditioned. Classical conditioning involves the reinforcement of a natural reflex or behaviours which occur naturally as a response to a specific stimulus. In contrast, 'operant conditioning' involves reinforcing a behaviour by praising it, or discouraging undesirable behaviour with punishment. The rewarding phases of this conditioning processing is known as 'reinforcement'. However, this 'stimulus-response' relationship discounts any mental processes which may be involved in learning. Researchers, including Vygotsky 1962 amongst others, began to criticise the behaviourist approach, as it was seen too teacher centred and directed, void of meaningful learning and the teacher process was focused too much on individual rather than collaborative group work. In addition, the constructivist perspective challenged the implied separation between mental processing and knowledge, which had to be bridged by the role of a teacher.